Asociatia Parazitologilor din Romania

Transmiterea râiei sarcoptice de la câine la om – prezentare de caz -

SARCOPTIC SCABIES TRANSMITED FROM DOGS TO HUMANS

- CASE REPORT -

 

DOINA PĂTRAŞCU, GEORGIANA CĂCIULĂ
DSVSA Caraş-Severin

 

Etiologic agents of animals mange and infestations can occur in humans when a closer cohabitation. In June 2008, a 9 week old Bichon Maltese dog was brought to our laboratory with severe and generalized pruritus and restlessness. The owner of the dog was found to be infested with Sarcoptes scabiei by a specialist in human dermatology so that the dog was sent to our laboratory with presumptive diagnosis of sarcoptic mange. The owner of the dog, her son aged 9 years and two relatives of them, had itching, erythematosis and papuloses lesions on the shoulder blades, coastal and abdomen areas. The animal was purchased three weeks before the development of the lesions on the owner from a pet shop from Timişoara. At purchase the dog had a valid health certificate issued by a veterinarian that stated the animal was healthy. The skin lesions, congestion and hemorrhage, skin trauma due to intense itching localized on the abdomen, armpits, groin and the ear internal conches in conjunction with the age of the animal suggested the animal was suffering from sarcoptic mange. On the examination of the skin scrapings S. scabiei was identified. Treatment with ivermectin at resulted in complete cure of the dog. Meanwhile the humans were treated with sulfur ointment. Two weeks after this event the brother of the first dog, arrived in our laboratory where it was diagnosed with sarcoptic mange, too. Veterinary check of animal movement should target not only internal and infectious diseases but also the parasitic diseases, the latter ones generally being overlooked by the specialists. The release of health certificate covering animal health should be seen as an issue of utmost importance and responsibility for the veterinarians.